Biotechnology (BT) GATE 2019 Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Reference Books, Preparation Tips
GATE Preparation & Admission Science and Technology

Biotechnology (BT) GATE 2019 Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Reference Books, Preparation Tips

Biotechnology refers to a study which is based on laboratory work, computer application and researches deals with medicines, agriculture, and cell or seed technology. Candidates who have completed or are in final year of engineering can apply for GATE 2019 exam in Biotechnology Subject.

GATE 2019 will be conducted by IIT Madras through an online mode. The exam will be conducted in eight zones across the country with the help of Ministry of Human Recourses and Development.

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This course needs a different kind of preparation to fight GATE 2019 Biotechnology examination. With the help of this article you will get to know how to prepare, what is the syllabus, reference books for preparation, scope in biotechnology and most importantly how to fight the exam.

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GATE 2019 Biotechnology Syllabus

There are five sections in GATE Biotechnology BT Syllabus that are listed below:

S.No Sections Core Topics
1. Engineering Mathematics Linear Algebra Matrices and determinants, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and Eigen Vectors, Calculus: Limit, continuity and differentiability, Partial derivatives, Maxima and minima, Sequences and series, Test for convergence, Fourier series.
2. General Biotechnology


Biochemistry: Biomolecules-structure and functions; Biological membranes, structure, action potential and transport processes; Enzymes- classification, kinetics and mechanism of action; Basic concepts and designs of metabolism.

Microbiology: Viruses- structure and classification; Microbial classification and diversity (bacterial, algal and fungal); Methods in microbiology; Microbial growth and nutrition.

Cell Biology: Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure; Cell cycle and cell growth control; Cell-Cell communication, Cell signalling and signal transduction.

Molecular Biology and Genetics: Molecular structure of genes and chromosomes; Mutations and mutagenesis; Nucleic acid replication, transcription, translation and their regulatory mechanisms in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Analytical Techniques: Principles of microscopy-light, electron, fluorescent and confocal; Centrifugation- high speed and ultra; Principles of spectroscopy-UV, visible, CD, IR, FTIR, Raman, MS, NMR

Immunology: History of Immunology; Innate, humoral and Cell Mediated Immunity; Antigen; Antibody structure and function; Molecular basis of antibody diversity; Synthesis of antibody and secretion.

Bioinformatics: Major bioinformatic resources and search tools; Sequence and structure databases; Sequence analysis (biomolecular sequence file formats, scoring matrices, sequence alignment, phylogeny).

3. Recombination DNA Technology Restriction and modification enzymes; Vectors; plasmid, bacteriophage and other viral vectors, cosmids, Ti plasmid, yeast artificial chromosome; mammalian and plant expression vectors; cDNA and genomic DNA library; Gene isolation, cloning and expression; Transposons and gene targeting
4. Plant and Animal Biotechnology Totipotency; Regeneration of plants; Plant growth regulators and elicitors; Tissue culture and Cell suspension culture system: methodology, kinetics of growth and, nutrient optimization; Production of secondary metabolites by plant suspension cultures; Hairy root culture; transgenic plants; Plant products of industrial importance Animal cell culture; media composition and growth conditions
5. Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology Chemical engineering principles applied to biological system, Principle of reactor design, ideal and non-ideal multiphase bioreactors, mass and heat transfer; Rheology of fermentation fluids, Aeration and agitation; Media formulation and optimization; Kinetics of microbial growth, substrate utilization and product formation; Sterilization of air and media; Batch, fed-batch and continuous processes; Various types of microbial and enzyme reactors; Instrumentation control and optimization; Unit operations in solid-liquid separation and liquid-liquid extraction; Process scale-up, economics and feasibility analysis

READ Too: GATE 2019 Exam Schedule, Eligibility, Exam Pattern, Preparation Tips And Other Details

GATE 2019 Biotechnology (BT) Reference Books

Biotechnology (BT) GATE 2019 Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Reference Books, Preparation Tips

Most recommended authors and popular books to prepare for GATE 2019 Biotechnology are given below in the table.

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Topics(s) Book Title(s) Authors
Biochemistry: Biochemistry

Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry


Christopher K.Matthews

Michael M. Cox

Lubert Stryer

Microbiology: Prescott’s Microbiology


Christopher J. Woolverton, Joanne Willey, and Linda Sherwood

Michael J. Pelczar

Cell biology: Molecular biology of the cell

Cell biology

Bruce Alberts

Gerald Karp

Molecular Biology: Molecular biology of the Gene

Molecular cell biology

James Watson

Harvey Lodish

Genetics: Principles of Genetics

Concepts of Genetics

Gardner and Simmons

William S. Klug

Analytical techniques: Principles and Techniques of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Wilson and Walker
Immunology: Kuby Immunology

Roitt?s Essential Immunology

Barbara A. Osborne and Janis Kuby

Ivan Roitt and Peter J. Delves

Bioinformatics: Introduction to Bioinformatics

Introduction to Bioinformatics



Recombinant DNA technology: Principles of Gene Manipulation and Genomics

Recombinant DNA


James Watson

Plant Biotechnology: Plant Biotechnology

Plant Biotechnology (Methods in Tissue Culture and Gene Transfer)


J. Peter

Animal Biotechnology: Culture of Animal Cells (A Manual of Basic Technique and Specialized Applications)

Animal Biotechnology

Ian Freshney

MM Ranga

Bioprocess Engineering: Modern Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology

Bioprocess Engineering Principles

Nduka Okafur

Pauline M.Doran

READ ALSO: Multiple Options After GATE Qualification, Focus On Your Goal

GATE 2019 Biotechnology Exam Pattern

GATE 2019 Biotechnology examination has the time duration of 3 hours. The examination paper consists of 65 questions which carry 100 marks. Numerical answer type (NAT) questions and multiple choice questions (MCQ) both will be present in the question paper. Negative markings will be there for MCQ types but no negative markings for a wrong answer in NAT questions.

GATE 2019 paper Pattern for Biotechnology
Engineering Mathematics Engineering Mathematics will have 13% of total marks weigh
General Aptitude General Aptitude will have 15% of total marks weigh
Subject questions Subject questions will have rest 72% of total marks weigh

Scope Of Biotechnology Engineering

  • While having a Biotechnology degree students can work as lab technicians in various institutes and research centers, hospitals, universities and healthcare center.
  • The increase in the production of genetically modified crops and grains has raised the demands in the market so this has increased the scope of Agriculture Engineering but the study is totally based on biotechnology.
  • After completing the Biotechnology degree students can work as a research scientist in many pharmaceutical companies as they heir postgraduates for such post.

Options Available after GATE 2019 Biotechnology

  • You can apply a job for research and development.
  • You can go forward for a PhD study in Biotech in India or abroad.
  • Pursue higher studies in Biotech and Life Sciences.
  • You can apply to the government sector.
  • You can Work as Laboratory Technician/Assistant.
  • You can find a job in a private sector as a sales agent or a medical representative.
  • Get a job in Intellectual Property Research and Patenting.
  • You can be a Teacher or a professor in your favourite Organization/university.

READ MORE: GATE Normalization Process To Calculate Normalized Marks And GATE Score

GATE Preparation Tips for Biotechnology Students

As we all know that the syllabus of Biotechnology Engineering is very vast and you should have to go step by step no hurry will help you here. Make a clear mind towards the study increase study hours day by day and make preparation plans for the study.

  • Go through the previous year’s question papers and practice those papers.
  • Study with the best reference books that have all the basic topics.
  • Make notes of important topic so it will be easy for you to study in exam times.
  • First study those topics which are important.
  • Good coaching classes or a good guide can also help you in this.
  • Study with the concentration and study daily for 4-5 hours.
  • Revision is the most important thing after studying your subjects.
  • Complete faith in yourself.

We would love your inputs and suggestions to bring more useful articles for GATE aspirants. Drop all your queries or comments on our Aftergraduation Forum or in the below comment box and we would be happy to help you.

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