According to the latest edition of the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), Enrollment in higher education institutions has seen an increase of 8.2 million from 27.5 million in 2010-11 to 35.7 million in 2016.
The Union Minister for Human Resource and Development (HRD), Prakash Javadekar released the AISHE or All India Survey on Higher Education for the year 2016-17 in New Delhi on this Friday. According to a government survey released, the number of students enrolled in higher education institutes in the country has increased. The AISHE data also revealed that India’s Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education has gone up to 25.2% in 2016-17 from 24.5% in 2015-16.
While releasing the report, HRD minister Prakash Javadekar, said the ratio of female to male students in higher learning has improved. He informed that the Gender Parity Index (GPI), a ratio of proportional representation of female and male, has improved from 0.86 to 0.94 to the corresponding period. To further improve it, he announced a supernumerary quota for girls in the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).
Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) is used to determine the total enrolment in higher education level studies among the population within the country from the age group of 18-23.
Data on minorities was collected separately. According to the survey, enrolments among Muslim youth in the age group of 18-23 years, went up to 4.9% from 4.67% in 2015-16. The male student enrolments were higher compared to females among the Muslim students. Enrollments among other minorities stood at 2.2% compared to 1.97% in 2015-16.
The report said, Tamil Nadu has the highest GER at 46.9% while Bihar is lowest with 14.9% among Indian States. The state’s poor higher education GER attributes to lack of basic infrastructure and teachers in the colleges.
States in south India have a higher college density, which is defined as the number of colleges per lakh eligible population. The college density in the top three states is 49 in Puducherry, 59 in Telangana and 53 in Karnataka.
While talking for cities having better college density, Bangalore has emerged as the major education hub with the biggest cluster of colleges (1,025), followed by Jaipur and Hyderabad with 635 and 487 respectively.
The number of educational institutes listed on the AISHE portal has also increased. All India Survey of Higher Education Report has detailed information on 864 universities and 40,026 colleges. There were 799 Universities listed on the portal in 2015-16. Nodal officers from each institution were primarily responsible for collecting and uploading the data on AISHE portal to be evaluated.
In a tweet, Prakash Javadekar said that quality, autonomy, research, and innovation are key pillars of our vision for improving higher education in India. He expressed hope to achieve a target of achieving 30 percent GER ratio in higher education from the country by 2020.
The first survey was initiated in 2011 and has been carried out since then. The survey covers almost all the Higher Education institutions (HEIs) in the country including Universities, Colleges, and Stand-Alone institutions.
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