GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics Syllabus, GATE 2019 Exam Pattern, GATE 2019 Reference Books for GG and Preparation tips for GATE 2019 GG
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GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Books and Preparation

GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics exam is going to be held in February 2019. Candidates appearing for GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics must know the proper syllabus, Exam pattern, Best books to study Geology and Geophysics, preparation Strategy and proper Guidance to better crack the exam. We hereby providing the complete details regarding GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics preparation to have better GATE 2019 Score.

The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) 2019 exam is going to be organised by IIT Madras in February 2019. The subject code of GATE Geology and Geophysics is GG. In this article we will let you know about the GATE 2019 syllabus with some important topics for Geology and Geophysics, GATE 2019 exam pattern, marks weightage, reference books and some preparation tips for better GATE Score.


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Geology and Geophysics

The study of the solid Earth that involves both qualitative and quantitative descriptions of the solid Earth is known to be the study of Geology. The geology and geophysics intersect in the study of the composition of the deep interior of the Earth and the driving mechanism behind plate tectonics. The geologist applies geophysics to try and measure remotely parts of the Earth that are not available to direct investigation.


The study of the entire planet and its thermal evolution is known as the study of Geophysics. Geophysicists have to study about everything that means the atmosphere (low, middle and high), ionosphere, oceans, cryosphere (glaciers) as well as the solid Earth (crust, mantle, outer and inner core). The Geophysics is also concerned with Earth’s interactions with the Moon and Sun.

READ Too: 5 Months To Have A Better GATE Score, Best Books To Prepare GATE 2019

Analyze GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics (GG) Syllabus

Candidate should refer the official GG_Geology-and-Geophysics Syllabus and analyze the exam pattern using previous years papers. As all the subjects don’t have equal marks, few subjects require more efforts than others. Make a priority list of subjects based on marks on preferences given it in previous exams.

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Marks distribution of the subject will help you prioritize and allocate preparation time to different subjects. Note that if the allocation is not prepared beforehand then one can end up choosing random topics which may lead to confusion in the end.

Some Important topics of GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics

There are some common topics in both the sections of geology and geophysics and these are – Coal and petroleum resources of India, atmosphere and greenhouse effect, interior of the earth, paleomagnetism, soil formation, Basic structural geology, mineralogy, stratigraphic principles, Earth and Planetary system, Introduction to remote sensing, properties of rocks and soils, radiometric prospecting for oil, mineral and groundwater, introductory well logging.

Geology Section

Engineering properties of rocks and soils, Igneous rocks (classification, forms, textures, magmatic differentiation), Metamorphism, role of fluids in metamorphism, metamorphic provinces of India, multispectral remote sensing invisible, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, Stress, strain, primary and secondary structures, methods of projection, GIS, Crystal symmetry, crystal chemistry, optical mineralogy, folding, Morphology, microfossils and palaeoflora, Geomorphic processes and agents; sampling, ore reserve estimation, geostatistics, mining methods, marine geology and ocean resources, role of geology in the construction of engineering structures including dams,development and evolution of landforms, Ore mineralogy and optical properties of ore minerals, tunnels and excavation sites, principles of remote sensing, interaction of energy with earth’s surface, air-photo interpretation.

Geophysics Section

Equivalence and suppression, Basic concept of EM induction, velocity, pressure, temperature, electrical & magnetic properties of the earth, earthquakes (causes, measurements, magnitude, intensity, focal mechanisms, earthquake quantification, geomagnetic field), Scalar and vector potential fields, Laplace, Maxwell, Green’s theorem, the earth as a planet (motion, gravity field shape, size) Clairaut’s theorem, Basic concepts of forward and inverse problems of geophysics, ‘G’ and ‘g’ units of measurement,reduction of layers, Seismic methods of prospecting, Geophysical signal processing, absolute and relative gravity measurements; Land, airborne, shipborne and bore-hole gravity surveys, density estimates of rocks, regional & residual gravity separation, depth rules, calculation of mass, concepts of D.C. resistivity measurement, Dar-Zarrouck parameters.

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GATE Paper Pattern & Marks Weightage for GG

The question is divided into two separate sections, below given is the table which will let you know the GATE 2019 exam pattern and marking system in the description.

GATE 2019 Paper Sections GATE Marks Distribution
Subject Questions (Core Subject) GG 85% of the total marks.
General Aptitude (GA) 15% of the total marks.

General Aptitude Questions:

The question paper contains 10 questions of general aptitude out of total 65 question and these 10 questions carry the total of 15 marks out of 100.

Distribution of Marks:

The multiple choice question carrying 1 or 2 marks question. Negative marking is also there so the questions that are of 1 mark and the answer is wrong then ⅓ marks will be deducted, and the questions that carry 2 marks and the answer is wrong then ⅔ marks will be deducted for that questions.

Best Books for GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics

●     Engineering Geology by R. Nagarajan, A. Parthasarathy, V. Panchapakesan

●     Engineering and General Geology by Parbin Singh

●     A textbook of Geology by G. B. Mahapatra

●     Principals of Engineering Geology by K M Bangar

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Preparation Tips for GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics

Below are some tips for GATE 2019 preparation of Geology and Geophysics subject-

  • The student should know the complete and proper syllabus mentioned by the official website of GATE 2019 (as mentioned above).
  • The best source is to refer the past question papers and practice them along with the Mock test.
  • Select the best reference books that cover all the basic topics of the subjects. We have mentioned some best books above referred by GATE toppers and faculties.
  • Choose the topics that are highly weighted and are very important in the GATE Exam paper.
  • Practice as many problems as possible so that the students will have the practice for GATE exam.
  • Motivation and planning in the study are mandatory. Visit your friends and seniors for guidance and to motivate yourself.
  • Put small daily and weekly targets and achieve your weekly milestone.
  • Revise the subjects and topics as many times as possible until you feel confident on that.
  • Mark the questions that feel important or tough.

Guidance for GATE 2019 Geology and Geophysics

Since you don’t have much time to prepare so you have to prepare smartly. So, the main Gurumantra for the preparation are –

S.NO Do’s Don’ts
1 At least attempt one mock test in a week. Choose to ignore certain topics (Learn to select questions not topics)
2 Check your test-taking strategy in the mock tests. Never make an EGO issue for the questions if it’s not solving, take help.
3 Revise the whole course in the shortcuts and strategies you learnt during the preparation. Study for long periods of time without taking breaks. Studies show that the average person can only concentrate for 50 minutes. After that, your ability to learn and attention span decline. Learn to take breaks
4 What is your time allocation strategy? How much time do you plan to spend on each of the sections? In particular, do you plan to devote equal time to each section or slightly more time to the section that you are the strongest at? Procrastination and Overconfidence

READ MORE: GATE Normalization Process To Calculate Normalized Marks And GATE Score

Have Confidence and faith in yourself. All the Best..!!

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